MEETING THE GROWING FOOD DEMANDS OF NIGERIANS THROUGH SEED MULTIPLICATION

Introduction

The underlying cause of food crisis in Africa, and by extension, Nigeria is low productivity in agricultural production. The non- availability of quality seeds to rural farmers in Nigeria is one major constraint in agricultural sector.

Seeds are the foundation of agriculture and the most important input. However, the Nigerian seed industry is still developing. Seed production is at the community level and from farmers’ savings.

Lack of awareness of the importance of improved seeds coupled with unavailability of same, make farmers resort to the use of own saved seeds with resultant low productivity. Most Nigerian farmers obtain seeds either from the previous season crop or purchase grains in the open market and plant without regards to genetic purity; hence their average yields are among the lowest in the world. This accounts for the low level of food production and, consequently, food crisis being experienced in Nigeria.

 

What is WAAPP doing?

a. In a bid to address the challenge of shortfall in agricultural seed supply, WAAPP established collaboration with some research institutes, seven federal universities, two international organizations, Agricultural Development Programme in all states of the federation including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), private seed companies and cassava innovation platform in production of improved varieties of breeder, foundation and certified seeds of rice, maize and sorghum, and foundation seeds of groundnut, cassava and yam.

In 2014/2015 farming season WAAPP distributed 84.5mt and 80mt and 66,000mt of maize breeder, foundation and certified seeds respectively. For rice, the quantities of breeder, foundation and certified seeds distributed are 8.5mt, 23mt and 228,000mt respectively. The quantities of improved sorghum seeds distributed are 18mt, 9mt and 15,000mt of breeder, foundation and certified seeds respectively. WAAPP has also distributed more than 50,000 bundles of cassava stems and 700,000 seed yams. These are the seeds produced for 2014/2015 farming season and are now being distributed to farmers.

b. Staff of the National Agricultural Seeds Council, of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, research institutes and private sector are being trained, in different areas of seed technology.

c. Innovation Platforms have been established across the value chain of each commodity being disseminated by WAAPP in order to assist farmer groups and other stakeholders attain increased productivity through innovative approaches in the use of improved crop varieties and technologies.

d. WAAPP has empowered Nigerian farmers by creating jobs in seed multiplication. Some farmers are becoming entrepreneurs as they are undertaking the job of certified seed production.

e. WAAPP has provided support to National Varietal Release Committee so as to speed up and assure quality in the release of improved varieties of seeds

 

HOW TO OBTAIN IMPROVED SEEDS FROM WAAPP

Improved varieties of seeds of rice, sorghum, maize, cassava and yam can be obtained from WAAPP through:

a. Agricultural Innovation Platforms coordinated by Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) in various state of the federation including Federal Capital Territory (FCT) as listed below:

 

Abia

Cross River

Nasarawa

Lagos

Adamawa

Ebonyi

Niger

Kaduna

Akwa Ibom

Edo

Ogun

Kano

Anambra

Enugu

Ondo

Katsina

Bauchi

FCT

Oyo

Kogi

Bayelsa

Gombe

Plateau

Kwara

Benue

Jigawa

Rivers

Sokoto

 

 

Kebbi

Taraba

 

b. Membership of groups in the adopted villages and schools of the National Agricultural Research Institutes (15 of them in the country); 11 Federal Colleges of Agriculture, and 13 Federal University in the various states of the federation. Below is the list of the institutions:

  S/N

STATE

INSTITUTION

 

 

1

Lagos

Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research, (NIOMR) Lagos

 

Federal College of Fishery and Marine Technology (FCFMT), Lagos

 

2

Niger

National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR),

New Bussa

 

National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) Badeggi

 

Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology (FCFFT), New-Bussa

 

3

Kaduna

National Agricultural Extension Research and Liaison Services (NAERLS), ABU Zaria

 

National Animal Production research Institute (NAPRI), Shika

 

Institute for Agriculture Research (IAR) Samaru, Zaria

 

4

Oyo

National Horticultural Research Institute, (NIHORT), Ibadan

 

Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan

 

Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR&T), Ibadan

 

Federal College of Agriculture (FCA), Ibadan

 

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology (FCAH&PT), Ibadan

 

5

Kwara

Nigerian Stored Products Research Institute (NSPRI), Ilorin

 

University of Ilorin

 

6

Plateau

National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom

 

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology (FCAH&PT), Vom

 

Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology (FCVMLT), Vom

 

7

Edo

Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria (RRIN), Benin

 

National Institute for Oil palm Research (NIFOR), Benin

 

8

Abia

National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Umudike

 

Michael Opara University of Agriculture (MOUAU), Umudike

 

9

FCT

Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria (ARCN), Abuja FCT

 

University of Abuja, FCT

 

10

Ebonyi

Federal College of Agriculture (FCA), Ishiagu

 

11

Gombe

Federal College of Agriculture (FCH), Dadinkowa

 

12

Kano

Federal College of Agriculture Produce Technology (FCAPT), Kano

 

Bayero University Kano

 

13

Ondo

Federal College of Agriculture (FCA), Akure

 

Federal University of Technology, Akure

 

14

Sokoto

Usman Danfodio University, Sokoto

 

15

Adamawa

Modibo Adama University of Technology, Yola

 

16

Bauchi

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi

 

17

Akwa-Ibom

University of Uyo

 

18

Cross river

University of  Calabar

 

19

Enugu

University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN)

 

20

Benue

Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi (FUAM)

 

21

Ogun

Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta (FUNAAB), Abeokuta

 

22

Borno

Lake Chard Research Institute, Maiduguri.

 

 

 

FURTHER ENQUIRIES

To obtain more information about the seed multiplication activities of WAAPP,

Please email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call 09- 291 2129.